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Estimating Component Values - Beef

 Updated 2017-03-16

 Estimating Component Values of Beef


Quite a few investigations have been carried out on nutrients in beef and veal. There is therefore a solid basis to reveal eventual relationships between the proximates, vitamins and/or minerals in beef and veal cuts. Here some of the relationships between fat or moisture against vitamin and mineral content are given.

USDA - The Ground Beef Calculator

The currently most visible application of regression analysis of food data is the USDA Ground Beef Calculator .
Reverse engineering of the USDA Ground Beef Calculator's information in USDA regression analysis for beef data reveals the linear dependencies.

Danish Beef Data

To be continued.


  • Hjarde W., Laier G., Søndergaard H., Sørensen A., Christensen B., Mortensen A. B., Kousgaard M. (1981):
    Næringsværdien af okse- og kalvekød.
    Husholdningsrådets Tekniske Meddelelser, nr. 4, 19-32, 1981.
  • Reykdal Ó., Sigurðsson, Á. Ó., Þorkelsson G. (1986):
    Efnagreiningar á kjöti 1984-86.
    Fjölrit Rala 120.
    Rannsóknastofnun landbunaðarins, Október 1986.
  • Hansen K. S., Leth T. (1989):
    Overvågningssystem for næringssstoffer - Kød [Monitoring System for Nutrients - Meat].
    Publikation nr. 153.
    National Food Agency of Denmark, 1989.
  • Lee S. M., Buss D. H., Holcombe G. D., Hatton D. (1995):
    Nutrient content of retail cuts of beef, pork and lamb - preliminary results.
    Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics, 8, 75-80, 1995.    
  • Okholm-Hansen B., Knuthsen P. (1996):
    Næringsstofindhold i hakket kød [Nutrients in minced meat].
    Rapport IL 1996.2 - projektnr. 94641-01.
    National Food Agency of Denmark, December 1996.
  • Hansen, K. and Knuthsen, P. (1999).
    Overvågningssystem for næringsstoffer - Kød, 3. runde [Monitoring System for Nurtients - Meat, Third Cycle].
    Danish Veterinary and Food Administration, FødevareRapport 1999:10.
  • Wahrmund-Wyle J. L., Harris K. B., Savell J. W. (2000):
    Beef Retail Cut Composition: 2. Proximate Analysis.
    Journal of Food Composition and Analysis, 13, 243-251, 2000.
  • Leth T., Knuthsen, P., and Larsen, E.H. (2001).
    Nutrients. Monitoring System for Foods, 1993-1997 - Part 1.
    Danish Veterinary and Food Administration, FødevareRapport 2001:17.
  • Howe J. C., Trainer D., Holden J. M. and Douglass L. A. (2007):
    Fat content of ground beef: comparison of actual (analytical) to label claim.
    Experimental Biology 2007. April 28- May 2, 2007. Washington D.C.
  • United States Department of Agriculture - Agricultural Research Service:
    Ground Beef Calculator. (accessed 2014-02-24).
  • Patterson K. Y., Duvall M. L., Bhagwat S., Howe J. C., Holden J. M. (2011):
    USDA Nutrient Data Set for Retail Beef Cuts Release 2.0.
    Nutrient Data Laboratory (NDL), Agricultural Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, September 2011. 
  • Kehlet U., Darré M.T., Jensen K., Madsen N.T. and Kristensen L. (2012):
    Nutritional composition of Danish Beef.
    58th International Congress of Meat Science and Technology, 12-17th August 2012, Montreal, Canada.
  • Roseland J., Nguyen Q. V., Williams J. R., Patterson K. Y. (2013):
    USDA Nutrient Data Set for Retail Beef Cuts Release 3.0.
    Nutrient Data Laboratory (NDL), Agricultural Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, September 2013.


New release of the NZ Food Composition Database

The 2017 release of the NZFCD products are now available on the NZFCD website.
A farm to fork ontology.

FoodOn is a new ontology built to represent entities which bear a “food role”, currently based largely on LanguaL.
For more information,
see the FoodOn site.
Indian food composition tables 2017.

The Indian food composition tables 2017 have been published. A PDF copy of the tables can be downloaded.
For more information see the Indian FCDB site.
FAO/INFOODS dataset on pulses published.

The FAO/INFOODS Global food composition database for pulses – version 1.0 (uPulses1.0) has been published.
For more information, see the FAO/INFOODS website.