| ||Updated 2015-08-15|
| The Balaton Recommendations|
Although they are more than 15 years old, some of The Balaton Recommendations for Publishing
Food Composition Data on the Internet (Turza, Ireland and Møller) still
The Balaton Recommendations contain a set of Minimal Recommendations
for the Layout of the Web Page, i.e. publishing food composition data on
The original Recommendations (Turza et al) can be found in the
As shown in the table metaphor - simple representation of data in a
food composition table (modified from Schlotke et al):
The three main entities to be presented are as a minimum
- Value (the best location, i.e. value chosen to
represent the amount of the component in the food, most often - but
not always - a mean value and its unit, and may include minimum,
maximum, number of datapoints/number of studies/degrees of freedom,
However, the increasing use of food composition data - also in data
interchange - calls for more specific information, which describes
values better. This information includes
- Method (how was the value derived, e.g. by analysis,
calculation, estimation, etc.)
- Reference (where the data come from, i.e.
This means that the original two-dimensional representation of data
becomes multi-dimensional, and a challenge to represent on a web page.
For data interchange and presentation, the EuroFIR community set in
the EuroFIR Draft Standard as a minimum the following information to be
- Food (including name, food id, food group, EuroFIR
- Component (including EuroFIR component identifier)
- Value (including unit, matrix unit, number of
datapoints (if applicable), value type, acquisition type, method
type, method indicator, method parameter (if applicable))
- Method specificaction (optional)
- Reference (citation/bibliographic reference (if
For an explanation of the EuroFIR thesauri for value documentation,
see the appropriate EuroFIR reports listed in the references (Møller et
al, Becker et al) below.
- Sandor Turza, Jayne Ireland and Anders Møller:
Recommendations For Publishing Food Composition Data On The Internet
- Minimal Recommendations for the Layout of the Web Page.
Joint BALATON/COST Action 99 workshop held in Paris on 7-11 May
- Schlotke F., Becker W., Ireland J., Møller A., Ovaskainen M.L.,
Monspart J., Unwin I.:
Recommendations for Food Composition Database Management and
Report by the COST Action 99 – Eurofoods Working Group on Food Data
Management and Interchange.
Report No. EUR 19538, European Commission, 2000.
- Becker W., Unwin I., Ireland J., Møller A.:
Proposal for structure and detail of a EuroFIR standard on food
I: Description of the standard.
EuroFIR Technical Report - 2007-07-13.
- Becker W., Møller A., Ireland J., Roe M., Unwin I., Pakkala H.:
Proposal for structure and detail of a EuroFIR Standard on food
II. Technical Annex - Version 2008. EuroFIR Technical Report
Danish Food Information 2008. ISBN 978-87-92125-10-1.
- Møller A., Unwin I.D., Ireland J., Roe M.A, Becker W., Colombani
The EuroFIR Thesauri 2008.
EuroFIR Technical Report D1.8.22.
Danish Food Information 2008.